In addition to the "main line" railways, there are several light, heritage, and industrial railways in Kent. By 1618, storehouses, a ropewalk, a drydock, and houses for officials had been built downstream from Chatham. Names of places on the Roman roads sometimes, too, include the word straet, “street” or “road,” in its forms strat, straet, etc., as in the case of Stratford and Streatham. The Medway megaliths were built during the Neolithic era. This article is about the county in England. Dartford currently play in National League South, the sixth tier of the English football pyramid. The word sal or sale, as in Monsal or Sale means a nobleman`s house. Although much of Britain adopted a comprehensive education system in the 1970s, Kent County Council (KCC) and Medway Unitary Authority are among around fifteen[69] The ready supply of chalk and huge pits between Stone and Gravesend bear testament to that industry. Occupation: King of Mercians in Anglo-Saxon England (757-796), Did not rule. But when Christianity came and churches were erected, the villages growing up around the sacred buildings were called by names based on such words as Kirk (the old circe), or minster or ecclesia (as in Eccles); and the dwelling of the preost, or priest, gave its name to places such as Preston. The great god Woden is remembered in Wednesbury in Staffordshire, Woodnesborough in Kent and Wiltshire, and in other names derived from Woden`s beorh, or hill. Almost all these changes took place between 1st January 1936 and 1st July 1939 but a few were made at other times during 1929-45 The symbol # indicates that the old name has been abolished and the street incorporated into an existing place name. Blean near Canterbury was home to Smallfilms, the production company founded by Oliver Postgate and Peter Firmin and responsible for children's TV favourites Noggin the Nog, Ivor the Engine and Bagpuss. The major geographical features of the county are based on a series of ridges and valleys running east–west across the county. These roads are now approximately the A2, B2068, A257, and the A28. The traditional border of East and West Kent was the county's main river, the Medway. When the theatre of operation moved to the Atlantic, this role was assumed by Portsmouth and Plymouth, with Chatham concentrating on shipbuilding and ship repair. So, too, stoke, stock, stow, stowe, and stol, as in Basingstoke, Tavistock, Chepstow, Edwinstowe, and Bristol, all mean a fenced or stockade enclosure. Other venues for live music include Leas Cliff Hall in Folkestone and the Assembly Hall in Tunbridge Wells. The early medieval inhabitants of the county were referred to as the Cantwara, or Kentish people. Sevenoaks, Maidstone, Ashford, and Folkestone are built on greensand,[27] while Tonbridge and Tunbridge Wells are built on sandstone. There are three heritage, standard gauge railways; Spa Valley Railway near Tunbridge Wells on the old Tunbridge Wells West branch, East Kent Railway on the old East Kent coalfield area and the Kent and East Sussex Railway on the Weald around Tenterden. Cement came to the fore in the 19th century when massive building projects were undertaken. In this he was similar to the Celt and unlike the German, for more than half the Celtic place-names in Britain and Ireland contain the words llan, kil or bally, all of which mean a fenced enclosure of some sort; and it has been influenced to some extent by a habit of exclusiveness which was a British characteristic of long standing in our country. Kent Music provides services across the county including Kent County Youth Orchestra, Kent Youth Choirs, and an annual summer school at Benenden School. Name definition, a word or a combination of words by which a person, place, or thing, a body or class, or any object of thought is designated, called, or known. The East Kent coast inspired many of his works, including some of his most famous seascapes. In Latin sources the area is called Cantia or Canticum, while the Anglo-Saxons referred to it as Cent, Cent lond or Centrice. There was no open-field system, and the large tracts were owned by the two great abbeys, Christ Church, Canterbury and St Augustine's Abbey, that did not pass into the hands of the king during the Reformation. [20] Many of the Georgian naval buildings still stand. [22] A steel mini mill in Sheerness and a rolling mill in Queenborough. These words indicate in each case the existence originally of but a single family`s house or homestead, farm or estate; and the same implication is to be seen in the number of places called after a single individual, as Escombe (Eda`s Combe), or Evesham (Eofa`s Home), or after a single family, as in the numberless names containing the word –ing. The two companies merged in 1899, forming the South Eastern and Chatham Railway (SECR), further amalgamated with other railways by the Railways Act 1921 to form the Southern Railway. Place Code Country Admin1 Admin2 Admin3; 1: Ealing: W5: United Kingdom: England: Greater London 51.512/-0.302: 2: Kensington: W8: United Kingdom: England: Greater London Nonetheless, some of these small art schools developed into much larger organisations, including Canterbury College of Art, founded by Thomas Sidney Cooper in 1868, which is today the University for the Creative Arts.[56]. The ridges and valleys formed when the exposed clay eroded faster than the exposed chalk, greensand, or sandstone. Cabin FM broadcasting to Herne Bay on 94.6FM. In 1965 the London boroughs of Bromley and Bexley were created from nine towns formerly in Kent. At the 2007 local elections[out of date], control of Medway Council was held by the Conservatives; 33 of the council's 55 seats were held by the Conservatives, 13 by the Labour Party, 8 by the Liberal Democrats and 1 by an Independent. [62] The high speed lines will be utilised to provide a faster train service to coastal towns like Ramsgate and Folkestone. It is among the oldest of the world’s great cities—its history spanning nearly two millennia—and one of the most cosmopolitan. Rochester Cathedral is England's second-oldest cathedral, the present building built in the Early English Style. Miskin Radio (Dartford and Gravesend): online only. Thus Glev(um) became Glou-cester, Venta became Win-chester, Man(ucium) became Man-chester, and so forth. Music education is provided by Kent Music (formerly Kent Music School),[74] which has its origins in the 1940s. Kent has two county-wide stations – BBC Radio Kent, based in Tunbridge Wells; and the commercial station KMFM, owned by the KM Group. [6], Julius Caesar described the area as Cantium, or the home of the Cantiaci, in 51 BC. In 1776, 1950, and on 28 April 2007 there were earthquakes of around 4.3. This naming followed the invasion of Britain by William of Normandy as he was unable to subdue the county and they negotiated favourable terms. In the run-up to Britain leaving the European Union, Government Minister Michael Gove MP for Surrey Heath confirmed that his government intends to impose a de facto border[47] between Kent and the rest of England for freight lorries, in order to deal with expected lorry queues of 7,000 or more[48] at Folksetone, Dover and other ports. In the late 19th century huge modern mills were built at Dartford and Northfleet on the River Thames and at Kemsley on The Swale. Forts were built all along the coast following the raid on the Medway, a successful attack by the Dutch navy on the shipyards of the Medway towns in 1667.[19]. ", "Quake causes Kent Families to flee Homes", "Kent hit by 4.2 earthquake, shaking houses and waking residents", "Massive oil reserves lie under commuter belt in South, says report", "Kent (Borough of Gillingham and City of Rochester upon Medway) (Structural Change) Order 1996", "Democratically elected representatives in Medway", "Rosie Duffield wins Canterbury for Labour for first time", https://www.kentonline.co.uk/kent/news/border-to-be-set-up-inside-kent-could-see-7-000-lorry-queues-234290/, "Brexit: Lorry drivers will need a permit to enter Kent after transition period", "Marlowe theatre: curtain rises on Canterbury's £25.6m revamp", "History of the South Eastern & Chatham Railway", "Call for end to selective education as 'grammar school areas' fail", We ended up with a lake – Kent CEO Jamie Clifford, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kent&oldid=1002147843, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with disputed statements from April 2017, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2015, Articles needing additional references from February 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles prone to spam from February 2013, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It was due rather to this exclusiveness, and to a strong sense of possession, a desire to call a piece of land his own and to regard it as his home, shared by nobody but his own family and his depandents. [57] Music festivals that take place in Kent include Chilled in a Field Festival, Electric Gardens, Hop Farm Festival, In the Woods Festival, Lounge On The Farm and the annual (not 2020) Smugglers Festival near Deal. In rugby union, Canterbury RFC play in the fourth-tier of English rugby in the National League 2 South. This is higher than the whole of England for construction and transport/communications and lower for manufacturing. Following the closures across the lower Medway, and the Swale to the Isle of Sheppey, during the 20th century, the Woolwich Ferry is the only domestic ferry that runs in the broadest definition of the county. Cement-making, papermaking, and coal-mining were important industries in Kent during the 19th and 20th centuries. 51.1% of Kent's population excluding Medway was female — as to Medway, this proportion was 50.4%. Much of Kent is served by the BBC's South East region, which is based in Tunbridge Wells and provides local news for the county and East Sussex. The earliest locomotive-driven passenger-carrying railway in Britain was the Canterbury and Whitstable Railway which opened in 1830. Between June 1944 and March 1945 more than 10,000 V1 flying bombs, or "Doodlebugs", were fired towards London from bases in Northern France. France can be seen clearly in fine weather from Folkestone and the White Cliffs of Dover. [66][67] [22][23] In 1998 Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham and Rainham left the administrative county of Kent to form the Unitary Authority of Medway. When the Anglo-Saxon invaders began widely to settle in Britain in the Fifth to Seventh Centuries they generally displayed that same tendency towards domestic exclusiveness, privacy, and independence which has remained a national characteristic ever since, and which is now exemplified in the saying that an Englishman`s home is his castle. It re-opened, after being completely rebuilt, in October 2011. Place of Burial: Bedford: Immediate Family: Son of Eoppa Father of Ealhmund, Under King Of Kent. [58] This and the London and Greenwich Railway later merged into South Eastern Railway (SER). Plans for another unitary authority in north-west Kent were dropped, but in 2016 consultations began between five Kent local authorities (Canterbury, Thanet, Dover, Folkestone & Hythe, and Ashford) with a view to forming a new unitary authority for East Kent, outside the auspices of Kent County Council. It ceased to be considered part of the county in 1965[disputed (for: contradicting related articles)  – discuss] upon creation of the London Borough of Newham. [18], By the 17th century, tensions between Britain and the powers of the Netherlands and France led to increasing military build-up in the county. At this time, before the invention of photography, draughtsmen were used to draw maps and topographical representations of the fields of battle, and after the wars ended many of these settled permanently in the county in which they had been based. [12], In the 11th century, the people of Kent adopted the motto Invicta, meaning "undefeated" or "unconquered". These included the towns of Deptford, Greenwich, Woolwich, Lee, Eltham, Charlton, Kidbrooke and Lewisham. By the 1850s, SER's networks had expanded to Ashford, Ramsgate, Canterbury, Tunbridge Wells, and the Medway towns. Distinctive hop-drying buildings called oasts are common in the countryside, although many have been converted into dwellings. There are two nuclear power stations at Dungeness, although the older one, Dungeness A, built in 1965, was decommissioned in 2006.[43]. The station was closed and merged with several other Heart stations in the south of England in 2019 to form Heart South, with the Kent studios in Whitstable closing and production moving to Fareham in Hampshire. [52] During the late 1930s, Nobel Prize-awarded novelist William Golding worked as a teacher at Maidstone Grammar School, where he met his future wife Ann Brookfield. This is found in East Kent roughly between Deal, Canterbury, and Dover. Finally, there is the 2 ft 6 in (0.76 m), industrial Sittingbourne & Kemsley Light Railway, previously the Bowaters Paper Railway. [8] Of the migrating tribes, the Jutes were the most prominent, and the area became a Jutish kingdom[9] recorded as Cantia in about 730 and Cent in 835. 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