Parthenium is not like ordinary weed, it spreads very rapidly, by the time the workers reach the end of the farm after removing the weed, new ones will start sprouting at the start. The paper mainly focuses on highlighting the studies carried out using Parthenium hysterophorus, as a non-living biomass as a low cost, environmental friendly biosorbent for the removal of heavy metals and dyes pollution. Parthenium hysterophorus Name Synonyms Argyrochaeta bipinnatifida Cav. In some areas it has become an extremely serious agricultural and rangeland weed. Parthenium hysterophorus is a serious invasive plant species that needs attention. Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae) is an invasive weed thought to be native to the tropical and subtropical Americas, from where it has spread globally to 48 countries. hysterophorus Parthenium lobatum Buckl. Recently many innovative uses of this hitherto notorious plant have been discovered. Its eradication is a major challenge to government, primarily because of its epidemic proliferation and strong reproductive potential, apart from its wide ecological range. Its prospect as nano-medicine is being carried out with some preliminary success so far. Potential use of Parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) in AgriculturePrem Kishor, A.K. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. General information about Parthenium hysterophorus (PTNHY) Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, South America. The poisonous Parthenium hysterophorus plant is one of the world’s most destructive invasive plant species, threatening biodiversity, food security and human health across numerous countries. The Parthenium hysterophorus compost contains two times more nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium than Farm Yard Manure (FYM) (Channappagoudar 2007, Angiras 2008). The economic use is impaired by its toxic effect that is why the composting from rich nutrient content of Parthenium plant might be a useful alternative to be used as a soil conditioner. Parthenium hysterophorus is an annual herb that aggressively colonises disturbed sites. Parthenium hysterophorus was poured with the help of the pipette into petri dishes underlain with filter paper. Five milliliters distilled water was used in petri dishes as a control. Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) is such an invasive weed species, having immense ecological and agricultural impacts . Several researchers have documented the allelopathic effect of this weed. Several physical and chemical methods It is an annual or short-lived ephemeral herb, growing to two metres. Though literal meaning of the word parthenium is medicinal uses but actually it is the most harmful for man, It has potential to have great negative impacts agricultural lands, grazing lands, wildlife, as well as human and animal health. Ghosh, Surendra Singh and B.R. The first official… (Asteraceae) is a herbaceous annual of Asteraceae family. Parthenium hysterophorus is an annual herb native to tropical America, and it has become invasive in at least 34 countries in Africa, Asia, Australia and the Middle East (Adkins & Shabbir 2014).The species was first recorded in South Africa in 1880 (Wood 1897) but remained an uncommon weed restricted to cultivated and disturbed areas for almost 100 years (Hilliard 1977). 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).. Parthenium hysterophorus management information … Plant has been used as folk remedy for the treatment of infectious and degenerative diseases [17–19]. Parthenium weed has infested an area of more than 60 million ha in Queensland, Australia [3]. PARTHENIUM (Parthenium hysterophorus L.; parthenium, famine weed, Demoina weed, or Umbulalazwe) is an annual herbaceous plant (i) that can reach up to 2 m in height, but usually averages about 1.5 m or less. Maurya: Abstract: Parthenium hysterophorus L., being a declared invasive weed is threatening the biodiversity and human health in several areas of India. Since the use of … Rajulu et al. The herb is native to Central and South America but has spread to over 40 countries over recent decades including Australia, India, Ethiopia, Swaziland and South Africa. Di erent management approaches have been used to control parthenium weed with varying degrees of … Santa Maria feverfew. In Central America and the Caribbean area parthenium mainly thrives in areas repeatedly treated with paraquat or with certain soil-acting herbicides selectively used in vegetable and legume crops such as trifluralin, diphenamid and others. Parthenium hysterophorus var. Parthenium hysterophorus has multiple harmful aspects and no particular use. Parthenium is wide-spread in grassland, fruit tree orchards and arable land in neutral and acid soils. Parthenium hysterophorus. Parthenium hysterophorus or Congress plant. Parthenium Hysterophorus is a small plant that grows about 4 to 5 feet. Native to southern United States, Mexico and Central and South America, it has been accidentally introduced into several countries and has become a serious agricultural and rangeland weed in parts of Australia, Asia, Africa and the Pacific Islands. Control methods Parthenium hysterophorus information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) Parthenium, the noxious weed (Roy and Shaik, 2013) have been discussed at length in this research paper. The name is possibly derived from the Greek word παρθένος (parthenos) which means "virgin".. Parthenium or Gajar Ghans is the most common invasive species in India. Common names Argyrochaeta parviflora Cav. Two biotypes of P. hysterophorus seeds were collected in "La Rioja" fruit orchards and in "La Isla" village, next to an irrigation water channel, respectively. Parthenium is a hard invasive plant to control due to its allelopathic and fast growing prolific nature. However, in this paper we have utilized the leachate of different plant parts of Parthenium plant and observed the effect on several aspects such as seed It has a longitudinally grooved stem, and the stems and leaves are covered in short hairs. Parthenium hysterophorus is an annual herb used in its native neotropics as a herbal remedy for various intestinal and skin disorders using a decoction of boiled roots (Dominguez and Sierra, 1970). Galling insects used in weed control are sensitive to plant vigor: a leaf-galling moth (Epiblema strenuana Walker (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)) selected Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae) plants that appeared vigorous in terms of height, number of branches, and flowers (Dhileepan, 2004). It also produces a toxin called parthenin. Parthenium hysterophorus . Fifteen milliliters leaf extract Adamson [15] reported losses worth $69 million (AUD) per annum in the beef industry due to parthenium weed. In Colombia, Parthenium hysterophorus L. has been treated intensively with glyphosate during more than 15 years in fruit orchards. Native to Mexico, Central and South America, Parthenium hysterophorus was accidentally introduced into several countries including Australia, India, Taiwan and Ethiopia. Parthenium hysterophorus (Linn.) It is regarded as a significant evironmental weed in Queensland, and as a potential environmental weed in New South Wales, Victoria, the Northern Territory and Western Australia. Information about Parthenium hysterophorus from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. Parthenium hysterophorus plant causes milk disease in livestock and also responsible for respiratory malfunction in humans. In addition, P. hysterophorus may act as a secondary host of plant diseases. Parthenium hysterophorus or carrot grass a weed in field. Parthenium hysterophorus is an annual or ephemeral weed causing great damage to grassland ecosystems, but also allergy and dermatitis in humans and livestock. 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