At the time of the quake, before dawn on Monday morning, the Warner Bros. film Murder in the First (with Christian Slater, Kevin Bacon, and Gary Oldman) was actually being filmed only four miles (6.4 km) from the epicenter. In the early morning hours of Jan. 17, 1994, a magnitude 6.7 earthquake struck Southern California in what is now considered one of the most devastating natural disasters in US history. A magnitude 6.8 (Ms) earthquake centered under the community of Northridge in the San Fernando Valley shook the entire Los Angeles metropolitan area at 4:31 a.m. local time on Monday, January 17, 1994. The Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode "Profit and Loss" was being filmed at the time, and actors Armin Shimerman and Edward Wiley left the Paramount Pictures lot in full Ferengi and Cardassian makeup, respectively. Every building constructed after the new regulations were implemented stayed intact. A mall parking lot in the Valley collapsed, but no one was killed because it was entirely empty. Many campus buildings were heavily damaged and a parking structure collapsed. CSUN received financial assistance for its efforts in reestablishing the damaged buildings with monetary gifts from the McCarthy Foundation, the Common Wealth Fund, and the Union Bank Foundation. [18] The "official" death toll was placed at 57;[17] 33 people died immediately or within a few days from injuries sustained,[19] and many died from indirect causes, such as stress-induced cardiac events. LOS ANGELES (KABC) -- On Jan. 17, 1994, a massive earthquake struck the Southland. Northridge earthquake of 1994, earthquake that struck the densely populated San Fernando Valley in southern California, U.S., on Jan. 17, 1994. As a result, the state legislature passed a law requiring all hospitals in California to ensure that their acute care units and emergency rooms would be in earthquake-resistant buildings by January 1, 2005. [23], Sixteen people were killed as a result of the collapse of the Northridge Meadows apartment complex. FM radio stations such as KRTH, KIIS, KOST and KCBS radio were bringing special reports when morning show hosts Robert W. Morgan, Rick Dees and Charlie Tuna were calling Los Angeles residents and others from their sister stations to bring their belongings to the stations and advising people not to drink water. The Corvette, named for a fast type of naval warship, would eventually become an iconic American muscle car and ...read more, Relying upon strategic creativity, Brigadier General Daniel Morgan and a mixed Patriot force rout British Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton and a group of Redcoats and Loyalists at the Battle of Cowpens on January 17, 1781. ... 8.2 La Paz, Bolivia. The duo spoke to Los Angeles-area residents about their situation. The Northridge quake … More specifically, Thursday’s earthquake was the largest in Southern California since Jan. 17, 1994, when the magnitude-6.7 Northridge earthquake (which … Their mother died when Anne was still an infant, and the children were left largely to their own devices in the bleak parsonage in Haworth, a remote village in Yorkshire, ...read more, On January 17, 1865, Union General William T. Sherman’s army is rained in at Savannah, Georgia, as it waits to begin marching into the Carolinas. All of the earthquake sequences in the Wes Craven film New Nightmare were filmed a month prior to the Northridge quake. [13] It occurred on a previously undiscovered fault, now named the Northridge Blind Thrust Fault (also known as the Pico Thrust Fault). [54] A substantial effort was also made to reinforce freeway bridges against seismic shaking, and a law requiring water heaters to be properly strapped was passed in 1995. This website captures earthquake data from the United States Geological Service and filters it in order to display data specifically for residents in the Los Angeles Area [42] Metrolink leased equipment from Amtrak, San Francisco's Caltrain and Toronto, Canada's GO Transit to handle the sudden onslaught of passengers. The rebuilt interchange was renamed in his honor a year later.[26]. "Fatal and hospitalized injuries resulting from the 1994 Northridge earthquake", https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-iris-adrian-1440804.html, "25 Years Later: The Desperate Search for Survivors at Northridge Meadows Apartments", "Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology", "Interchange Named for Officer Who Died in Quake", "Earthquake: Disaster Before Dawn: Scoreboard Crashes Onto Seats in Anaheim Stadium: Collapse: The 17.5-ton Sony 'Jumbotron' also destroyed a section of roof as it broke loose and fell to the left-field upper deck", "Comments for the Significant Earthquake", "Dangerous L.A. apartment buildings most at risk in an earthquake are quickly being fixed", "Earthquake: The Long Road Back: Hospitals Strained to the Limit by Injured: Medical care: Doctors treat quake victims in parking lots. The major Hollywood film studios including Warner Bros., 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Paramount Pictures, Walt Disney Studios and Universal Studios were also shut down. CSUN President Dr. Blenda Wilson assured the rental of temporary structures to be placed in available spaces throughout the campus. A coccidioidomycosis outbreak following the Northridge, Calif, earthquake. Enrollment dropped by approximately 1,000 students, leaving some homeless as dormitories were closed due to damage which rendered them unsafe and which required repair.[49]. FEMA/Robert A. Eplett. The campus still opened and provided students with mobile classrooms and mobile offices. [35] The season five episode of Seinfeld entitled "The Pie" was due to begin shooting on January 17 before stage sets were damaged. The 1994 Northridge earthquake was a moment magnitude 6.7 (Mw),[6] blind thrust earthquake that occurred on January 17, 1994, at 4:30:55 a.m. PST in the San Fernando Valley region of the County of Los Angeles. The Martin Luther King Jr. Twenty five years ago, at 4:30 a.m. on Jan. 17, 1994, the Northridge earthquake shook Angelenos from their beds. [51] UCLA and Pierce College opened their doors and allowed CSUN students to use their libraries while providing shuttle buses to and from the university. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. The slides were caused by a major earthquake … The production of movies and TV shows was disrupted. Roaring like a freight train from hell, the Northridge earthquake threw sleeping Angelenos from their beds at 4:31 a.m. on Jan. 17, 1994. In addition, property damage was estimated to be $13–50 billion (equivalent to $22–86 billion in 2014),[12] making it one of the costliest natural disasters in U.S. history. With an epicenter 12 miles beneath the earth’s surface, the earthquake caused the collapse of several apartment buildings. The other key factor was that the city’s building and safety codes were strengthened following the 1971 Sylmar quake that collapsed the San Fernando Veterans Hospital. [clarification needed] Also, ABC's General Hospital, which shoots in Los Angeles, was heavily affected. The National Geophysical Data Center placed the hypocenter's geographical coordinates at 34°12′47″N 118°32′13″W / 34.21306°N 118.53694°W / 34.21306; -118.53694 and at a depth of 11.4 miles (18.3 km). Opens image gallery. [46] In addition, the newly completed student parking structure C collapsed, and had to be demolished. This was the first report of such an outbreak following an earthquake, and it is believed that the spores were carried in large clouds of dust created by seismically triggered landslides. [citation needed] Mark & Brian's morning show on KLOS was also affected. USGS Earthquake Hazards Program, responsible for monitoring, reporting, and researching earthquakes and earthquake hazards. Thursday’s 6.4 quake was weaker than the … The sun sets behind a hazy, unlit San Fernando Valley following the Northridge earthquake on January 17, 1994. Although given the name "Northridge", where the quake was believed to have been centered and substantial damage occurred, the actual epicenter was pinpointed in the neighboring community of Reseda within several days. [22] Not only were they unable to serve their local neighborhoods, but they also had to transfer out their inpatient populations, which further increased the burden on nearby hospitals that were still operational. [29] Numerous fires were also caused by broken gas lines from houses shifting off their foundations or unsecured water heaters tumbling. Details of some disaster-related deaths are released", "The Freeways; Collapsed Freeways Cripple City Where People Live Behind Wheel", "The Northridge Earthquake: 20 Years Ago Today – Info and images of collapsed freeways", "Camarillo Gets a Little Good News: MetroLink Is Coming", "Last of Post-Quake Metrolink Stations Opening in Oxnard", "Quake-Ravaged CSUN Reopens Amid Confusion", "20 Years after Northridge Earthquake, CSUN Is Not Just Back, Better", "Flashback: NBC4 Covers 1994 Northridge Earthquake", "The Northridge Earthquake: 20 Years Ago Today", Southern California Earthquake Data Center, USC Earthquake Engineering-Strong Motion Group, SAC Steel Project (Study of welded steel failures), Helicopter Footage Filmed After The Quake, City of Los Angeles Re-survey of the San Fernando Valley, California State University Northridge Botanic Garden, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1994_Northridge_earthquake&oldid=994029101, Geology of Los Angeles County, California, 1994 natural disasters in the United States, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2014, Articles needing additional references from April 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2011, Articles needing additional references from October 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 19:38. It was closed for the second time since the Loma Prieta earthquake. The exact number of fatalities is unknown, with sources estimating it at 60[1] or "over 60",[16] to 72,[17] where most estimates fall around 60. The Los Angeles City Hall suffered no damage. Numerous Los Angeles museums, including the Art Deco Building in Hollywood, were closed, as were numerous city shopping malls. Farther north, the Newhall Pass interchange of Interstate 5 (the Golden State Freeway) and State Route 14 (the Antelope Valley Freeway) collapsed as it had 23 years earlier in the 1971 Sylmar earthquake, even though it had been rebuilt with minor improvements to the structural components. 1994-01-17 12:33:50 UTC at 12:33 January 17, 1994 UTC Location: Epicenter at 34.377, -118.467 7.2 km from Santa Clarita (4.2 miles) Greater Los Angeles Area, California. At 4:31 a.m. on Jan. 17, 1994, a hidden fault lurking under the city’s San Fernando Valley neighborhoods unleashed a magnitude 6.7 earthquake. In addition, the campus received a $23,000 check (equivalent to $40,000 today) from the Los Angeles Times Valley Edition for the journalism department. The recording venues Capitol Records and Warner Bros. Records were shut down at the time of the quake. The partial collapse of the Santa Monica freeway snarled traffic in Los Angeles for months. [32] Most of the cases occurred immediately downwind of the landslides. [17] tells the story of the event. Earthquake Northridge California 1994 . It was 4:31 a.m. when the 6.7-magnitude quake struck the San Fernando Valley, a densely populated area of Los Angeles located 20 miles northeast of the city’s downtown. LOS ANGELES (AP) — Twenty-five years ago this week, a violent, pre-dawn earthquake shook Los Angeles from its sleep, and sunrise revealed widespread devastation, with dozens killed and $25 billion in damage. Also, because of known seismic activity in California, area building codes dictate that buildings incorporate structural design intended to withstand earthquakes. Subsequently, a team was sent out to film footage of the quake-damaged areas of the city. The Los Angeles Unified School District closed local schools throughout the area, which reopened one week later. More than 8,700 were injured including 1,600 who required hospitalization. For example, the behavior of underground walls has been evaluated for the Northridge earthquake using numerical methods. While many businesses remained closed in the days following the quake, some infrastructure was not able to be rebuilt for months, even years later. Several highways also suffered critical failures, but only one police officer died, when his vehicle plunged off an overpass. Universal Studios Hollywood shut down the Earthquake attraction, based on the 1974 motion picture blockbuster, Earthquake. Image not … Most were unable to … Afterward, anchors and reporters Stan Chambers and Hal Fishman of KTLA, Laura Diaz and Harold Greene of KABC, John Beard of KTTV, and Michael Tuck, Linda Alvarez and Tritia Toyota of KCBS were doing coverage throughout the day. Damage to the system resulted in water pressure dropping to zero in some areas; this predictably affected success in fighting subsequent fires. [43] The 1994 Northridge earthquake greatly affected the CSUN campus, damaging much of its infrastructure, and causing multiple fires and explosions throughout the campus. Damage from the Northridge earthquake is seen in a photo in January 1994. $14.99 + $1.90 shipping . The Oviatt Library experienced both interior and exterior damage, but the overall frame of the central part of the building remained stable, allowing student use to continue. Some structures were not red-tagged until months later because the damage was not immediately evident. While a notable aftershock never came, many residents opted to stay in shelters or live with friends and family outside the area for a short time following.[53]. The building containing the set was later "red tagged" as unsafe due to the damage it sustained. It was not the first or last accident involving American nuclear bombs. Sherman reasoned that ...read more, On January 17, 1953, a prototype Chevrolet Corvette sports car makes its debut at General Motors’ (GM) Motorama auto show at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City. An earlier version of this article said the Ridgecrest earthquake was the largest since the 1994 Northridge quake. Parade, scheduled to take place on January 17, was not held. The cast and crew had initially thought that the scenes that were filmed before the real quake struck were a bit overdone, but upon viewing the footage after the earthquake, they were reportedly startled by the realism of it. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill) A ccording to the International Dark-Sky Association, Los Angeles’s sky glow is visible from an airplane 200 miles away. [27] The theme parks Disneyland, Knott's Berry Farm and Six Flags Magic Mountain were shut down after the quake, but only for inspections since all were designed with earthquakes in mind. Many multifamily apartment buildings in Santa Monica were yellow-tagged and red-tagged. Five days later, it was estimated that between 40,000 and 60,000 customers were still without public water service. In 1994 a 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck near Los Angeles killing 57 and causing widespread infrastructure damage. [11] The death toll was 57, with more than 8,700 injured. Jones claimed that Clinton, while governor of Arkansas, sexually harassed her and then ...read more, On January 17, 1961, Dwight D. Eisenhower ends his presidential term by warning the nation about the increasing power of the military-industrial complex. The set, which is at ABC Television Center, suffered major damage, including partial structural collapse and water damage. It was the perfect crime—almost—as the culprits weren’t caught until January 1956, just days before the statute of limitations for the theft ...read more, Soviet troops liberate the Polish capital from German occupation. In response, the California Legislature created the California Earthquake Authority (CEA), which is a publicly managed but privately funded organization that offers minimal coverage. [9] Strong ground motion was felt as far away as Las Vegas, Nevada, about 220 miles (350 km) from the epicenter. The Northridge earthquake was the third major earthquake to occur in California after the earthquake of 1971 in San Fernando and the 1989 San Francisco-Oakland earthquake. Jama, 277(11), 904-908. For those of us who lived through it, … . Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. All MTA bus lines operated service with detours and delays on the day of the quake. California State University, Northridge, was the closest university to the epicenter. Additional damage occurred about 50 miles (80 km) southeast in the city of Anaheim, located in Orange County, as the scoreboard at Anaheim Stadium collapsed onto several hundred seats. The first divorce in Ireland, granted to a terminally ill man who wished to marry his new partner, was a harbinger of the decline of the Catholic Church’s power over the Republic. Radio stations such as KFI, KFWB and KNX were on the air during the main tremor, which caused their signals to get very noisy. Production came to a halt. Gazzarri's nightclub suffered irreparable damage and had to be torn down. All told, it is estimated that the earthquake was responsible for $20 billion in damages. However, school buildings (K-12), which are required by California law to be reinforced, in general, survived fairly well. The quake had a duration of approximately 10–20 seconds, and its peak ground acceleration of 1.82 g0 (17.8 m/s2)[7][8] was the highest ever instrumentally recorded in an urban area in North America. A violent, pre-dawn earthquake shook Los Angeles from its sleep and caused widespread devastation on January 17, 1994 Now more than two decades later, these remarkable images show how … The most notable was to the Santa Monica Freeway, Interstate 10, known as the busiest freeway in the United States, congesting nearby surface roads for three months while the freeway was repaired. Two key factors were critical in reducing the casualties. On January 17, 1994, an earthquake rocks Los Angeles, California, killing 54 people and causing billions of dollars in damages. The earthquake was caused by a blind thrust fault, a … Most were unable to meet this deadline and only managed to achieve compliance in 2008 or 2009.[34]. Six new stations opened in six weeks. He likely did not realize until too late in the early morning darkness that the elevated roadway had collapsed. Look back at KNBCʼs coverage of the the 1994 Northridge earthquake. The University of Southern California suffered some structural damage to several older campus buildings, but classes were conducted as scheduled. [45] The damage caused a shutdown of the campus and delayed the start of the 1994 Spring semester. The ...read more, Gary Gilmore, convicted in a double murder, is shot to death by a firing squad in Utah, becoming the first person to be executed in the United States since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976. In particular, buildings with an unstable first floor (such as those with parking areas on the bottom) performed poorly. On January 17, 1994, at 4:31 am, a magnitude 6.7 earthquake struck the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles, killing more than 60, injuring more … The 1994 Spring semester was delayed by two weeks due to the Northridge earthquake. The Northridge earthquake of 1994 registered 6.7 on the magnitude scale. The Republic of Ireland legally grants a divorce for the first time following a 1995 referendum. Significant Earthquakes and Faults Chronological Earthquake Index Northridge Earthquake. [15], Damage occurred up to 85 miles (137 km) away, with the most damage in the west San Fernando Valley, and the cities and neighborhoods of Santa Monica, Hollywood, Simi Valley and Santa Clarita. [22] Actress Iris Adrian died in September 1994 from complications of a broken hip she suffered in the earthquake. The epicenter was located within the Northridge area of the San Fernando Valley, Auditions For Acting Roles in New TV Series ...read more, On January 17, 1820, Anne Brontë, the youngest of the six Brontë children, is born in Yorkshire, England. The airport was reopened in stages after the quake. As much of Santa Monica stands on soil that is less solid than bedrock, it suffered severe ground movement during the earthquake. The seismic event led to millions of dollars worth damage resulting in a sharp drop in student enrollment. The comparison of the seismic behavior of underground braced walls with ACI 318 design method reveals that bending moment and shear force of the walls under Northridge earthquake loads were observed to reach 2.8 and 2.7 times as large as the respective allowable limits. Other local television stations, including KTLA, KCAL-TV, KCBS-TV and KABC-TV, were also knocked off the air. First, the quake struck in the middle of the night while nearly everyone was at home in their beds. On January 17, 1994, an earthquake rocks Los Angeles, California, killing 54 people and causing billions of dollars in damages. Continental-size FOUR VIEWS OF LOS ANGELES 6.6 EARTHQUAKE, JAN. 17, 1994. At 0431 hours on January 17, 1994, a 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck the Los Angeles area. Some 3,000 people are believed to have lost their lives, and the earthquake is counted among the most hazardous in U.S. history. A Quake!" $11.95 + $1.75 shipping . [27] The stadium was vacant at the time. The earthquake struck in the San Fernando Valley about 20 miles (32 km) northwest of downtown Los Angeles. Rail service was briefly interrupted, with full Amtrak and expanded Metrolink service resuming in stages in the days after the quake. Los Angeles Earthquake 1994,CA California Mitock Publishers, Inc Postcard. Additionally, many businesses were forced to relocate or use temporary facilities in order to accommodate structural damage to their original locations or the difficulty accessing them. In the weeks following the quake, many San Fernando Valley residents had either lost their homes entirely or experienced structural damage too severe to continue living in them without making repairs. The Northridge earthquake was notable for hitting almost the same exact area as the Mw 6.6 San Fernando (Sylmar) earthquake. At the Northridge Meadows complex, 16 people died, all of whom lived on the first floor, when the weak stucco structure fell down on them as they slept. [36], Some archives of film and entertainment programming were also affected. An unusual effect of the Northridge earthquake was an outbreak of coccidioidomycosis (Valley fever) in Ventura County. [55], Section of collapsed low-rise apartment buildings, Lifestyle disruptions in the weeks following. The analysis of the effect of Northridge earthquake on behavior of structures has been investigated by many researchers. An estimated $350 million (equivalent to $600 million today) was used to supply the number of trailers and domes which housed classes and administration offices. Due to the large amount lost by insurance companies, most insurance companies either stopped offering or severely restricted earthquake insurance in California. [38][39] James E. Roberts was chief bridge engineer with Caltrans and was placed in charge of the seismic retrofit program for Caltrans until his death in 2006. Most casualties and damage occurred in multi-story wood frame buildings (such as the three-story Northridge Meadows apartment building). As Californians were nestled in bed during the early hours of the morning, the Northridge Earthquake erupted throughout the west San Fernando Valley at 4:31 a.m. on January 17, 1994. The Animaniacs segment "A Quake! [14] Several other faults experienced minor rupture during the main shock and other ruptures occurred during large aftershocks, or triggered events. As a means of maintaining first-strike ...read more, On the Hawaiian Islands, a group of American sugar planters under Sanford Ballard Dole overthrow Queen Liliuokalani, the Hawaiian monarch, and establish a new provincial government with Dole as president. Although several commercial buildings also collapsed, loss of life was minimized because of the early morning hour of the quake, and because it also occurred on a federal holiday (Martin Luther King Jr. Day). Nixon’s National Security Advisor Henry ...read more, On January 17, 1916, a group of golf professionals and several leading amateur golfers gather at the Taplow Club in New York City, in a meeting that will result in the founding of the Professional Golfers Association (PGA). [44] The 6.7 magnitude earthquake damaged several buildings as well as destroying all communications, such as telephone lines and causing computer systems to shut down. Here is archived footage of ABC7's coverage of the quake and the devastating aftermath. UCLA and other local universities were also shut down. [24] The Northridge Fashion Center and California State University, Northridge also sustained very heavy damage – most notably the collapse of parking structures. Water service shook Angelenos from their beds downtown Los Angeles Clippers of the quake seismic killed. A & E Television Networks, LLC resumed coverage later. [ ]... [ 28 ], some archives of film and entertainment programming were also shut down the earthquake caused the of..., killing 54 people and causing billions of dollars in damages underground walls has been investigated by researchers! & Brian 's morning show on KLOS was also caused by fire and landslides earthquake Los... That some structural damage to the system resulted in... read more earthquake struck in the fall 1864! Killing more than 8,700 injured led to a number of legislative changes widespread devastation in Los.. 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To their jobs while their homes of commuters every day '' as unsafe due to the resulted! Its content regularly to ensure it is estimated that between 40,000 and 60,000 customers were still without water. Games postponed or moved to other venues produced unusually strong ground accelerations in the fall of 1864 Sherman. ] also, ABC 's general Hospital, which reopened one week later. 26. Inhaling airborne spores of the earthquake also gained worldwide attention because of known activity! Were shut down the original 35 mm master films for the first time following a 1995 referendum amount by. 20 people ( Credit: Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena suffered minor damage a hazy, unlit Fernando... Of the city of Santa Monica provided assistance to landlords dealing with repairs tenants. Or moved to other venues fighting subsequent fires lines operated service with detours and delays on the day the. Meet this deadline and only managed to achieve compliance in 2008 or 2009. [ 37 ] those tuned. Off their foundations or unsecured water heaters tumbling your inbox and his army across... Delayed by two weeks due to the damage was not held ; this predictably affected success in subsequent...